Thursday, October 8, 2015

What's in the Poop? (Part III)

Continued from part II

In the previous parts we covered consistency and color. What else does one look at examining dog's poop?

What’s in the coating?

Healthy poop should not have any coating on it.

Sometimes stool can be coated by a slimy substance - mucus. Mucus is produced in the intestine to lubricate and protect the gut lining but normally isn’t noticeable on the stools.

Mucosal surfaces in the gut are part of the immune system, designed to detect and kill pathogenic organisms that are trying to make their way through the gut.

When the large intestine isn’t happy and battling with something such as inflammation, parasites, bacterial overgrowth, food allergy or intolerance, or even tumors, it results in increased production of mucus which then becomes apparent on the stool. Even stress can cause mucus-coated stools.

One or two slimy stools don't warrant rushing to a vet. 

However, if this becomes a regular appearance, or it is combined with other symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting or abdominal pain, the situation in the gut has gotten out of control and it’s important to have your dog seen by a vet.

What’s in the content?

Just like with vomit, the contents of your dog stools can sometimes provide an inklink on what upset your dog’s digestive system in the first place.

Pieces of plastic, toys and other non-food items tell you that your dog ate stuff which was not intended to be eaten and that could be behind the problem. One thing which it won’t tell you is whether or not all the foreign material has passed or whether some of that might have remained within the digestive tract.

If you find bits of undigested food, it’s either a reflection on the food or your dog’s ability to digest what they eat. 

Things like pieces of raw carrots are likely to appear in the stools unharmed. Dogs are not designed to digest chunks of raw vegetables. Once I tried giving freeze dried raw food with chickpeas in it. Chickpeas are nutritious and it seemed like a good ingredient. However, the chickpea grit came out exactly the same as it went it. Clearly, there wasn’t much nutritional benefit to be gained from feeding something that just goes through untouched.

If food that should normally digest comes out untouched, then you have a serious problem on your hands.

If your dog's stools look greasy, you might be looking at malabsorption.

What’s in the smell?

Poop does not smell like roses. It's supposed to be stinky. But some smells are also an indication of a problem.

Foodlike, or smelling like sour milk — suggests rapid transit, malabsorption and irritation of the bowel; can be sign of overfeeding, particularly in puppies

Putrid smelling — suggests possible intestinal infection

Rancid smell - might indicate improper digestion

One bad poop, no bad poop

Bad poops happen, particularly since dogs tend to eat all kinds of things not all of which are meant to be eaten. If my dogs get a bad poop, I watch for other signs of a problem such as changes in appetite, drinking, vomiting, lethargy or anything else that seems off. If the dogs look fine and the next poop is the way it should be, I just file the event in the back of my mind (and in Cookie's case on her chart).

If it develops into diarrhea, I generally give it 24 hours to resolve. If it doesn't, or if it becomes severe, or accompanied by other signs mentioned above, I see a vet.

There are a number of things that affect stool quality and diet is definitely one of them. In an otherwise healthy dog it can even be as simple as a question of the right amount of fiber. This can be quite a balancing act, particularly in large breed dogs. But before you make any assumptions and start playing with the diet, see a vet to make sure you KNOW what you're dealing with.

Don’t forget the sample

Your vet can get a lot of more information from your dog’s poop sample than you ever could. Not only they can evaluate all the above aspects, they can further analyze it and take a detailed look on what’s in the poop that is hidden from plain eye. (fecal analysis)

If you have any concerns, bring a poop sample with you.

Just like with urine sample, the fresher the better.

Don't forget, as always, understanding what poop should or should not look like is important to know when you should see a vet. If you do notice consistent abnormalities, see your vet sooner rather than later. It might save you a lot of headache down the road.

Related articles:
What’s in the Poop? (Part I - Consistency) 
What’s in the Poop? (Part II - Color)

A Tale of Many Tails—and What Came Out From Underneath Stories from My Diary-rrhea (part I)
Acute Small Intestinal Diarrhea
Acute Large Intestinal Diarrhea (Acute Colitis)
Chronic Large Intestinal Diarrhea
Chronic Small Intestinal Diarrhea

Veterinarians Answer: 10 Main Symptoms To Watch For In Your Dog 
Symptoms: Recognition, Acknowledgement And Denial 
When Is It An Emergency? 
Don't Panic, Don't Panic: Know What Your Job Is   

Excessive Panting
Excessive Drinking 
Changes in Urination/Urinary Accidents 
Changes in Behavior
Bad Odor 
Excessive Drooling  
What Can Your Dog's Gums And Tongue Tell You? 
Excessive Head Shaking 
Excessive Licking
Lumps and Bumps
What Is That Limp? 
Nose Bleeds (Epistaxis)
Symptoms to Watch for in Your Dog: Head Tilt 
Unexplained Weight Loss
Unexplained Weight Gain  
Loss Of Appetite  
Fever (Pyrexia)
What Happens in a Dog's Body with Severe Vomiting?
Gastroenteritis is when ...  

Tuesday, October 6, 2015

It's That Time of the Year Again: Annual Wellness Exam and JD's Bumps

We take our guys at least for one wellness exam a year; usually two. 

There is no particular rule when during the year this should be done but we typically choose Fall and Spring for the following reasons:
  • there is no risk of it being too hot or the weather being to dangerous for the trips
  • the allergens load is lower though for that, Winter would be ideal
  • some of the tests make most sense being done in the Spring, such as heartworm testing or tick-borne diseases testing

This is how it's been working for us. Come Fall, we make our wellness exam appointment.

We didn't take any photos at the vet. The exam room is quite small so imagine two of us, the two guys,
a vet and a vet tech ... and somebody trying to take pictures? Not happening.

Normally, we get the physical exam, urinalysis, fecal analysis, and complete blood panel. This time, all we ended up with was a physical exam and we'll have to do the labs some time in the near future. Things weren't working out right for doing the labs:
  • we could only get an appointment with OUR vet at the end of the day, which means in order to have fresh urine it couldn't be first morning sample and there was no way we could have fasted blood that late in the day with our guys
  • both pups decided to go poop in a thick bush where we just could not find it

Best laid plans, right?

So some time soon we'll take the guys in early in the morning to get all these things; a vet technician can draw the blood. Just as well, because we want to include the new kidney function test (SDMA) and apparently there might be certain things that need to be done to provide the blood for this the way the lab wants it and since it will be the hospital's first time getting this test, they have to find out what the requirements are.

Testing non-fasted blood can skew the results and show things that don't reflect actual workings of the body which is what is the purpose of checking the blood in the first place.

Before the trip I made a list of all concerns and questions I had for the vet.

I find that making a list and checking it twice comes in quite handy. That way you can go over all of it with your vet and not forget anything.

We only had a few minor concerns (of course, if they were major concerns we wouldn't have waited for the wellness exam), and a list of bumps we found on JD.

One of the bumps is a skin tag, which we just wanted to confirm that's what it was.

The other two bumps were more of a concern.

They aren't very large and not angry at all; just bumps under the skin. However, they'd been there for couple of months now (at least that's when we first found them) and not going away. One on the back of his thigh and one on the "shin" of the hind left leg. It's not attached to the bone, otherwise we'd gone in right away too.

The vet examined the bumps and marked them on chart so we start a map of where, when and which bumps were found and what their size was.

Interesting thing is that both bumps felt the same to me but to the vet one felt soft and one hard. (Well, I'm not one to squeeze things very hard.)

While they appeared the same to me, they are not the same at all.

I was hoping for fatty tumors (lipomas). The vet felt that the on on the thigh likely is indeed a lipoma but the one on the shin is not.

Because one of the bumps is larger than a pea (the other one is a bit smaller, more like a smartie) and they have been there for long enough, we had them both aspirated. The vet did fine needle aspirate (FNA) and a core sample.

Why wait?! Aspirate. Check out my blog for a preview of my cancer awareness program with VCA Animal Hospitals.
Posted by See Something Do Something Cancer on Sunday, June 15, 2014

I got to take a look at the slides.

The cells taken from the bump on the thigh looked very shiny, oil like. That's what the vet would expect cells taken from a lipoma to look like. Which surprised me because I always thought it would be more like lard type of thing. Funny how we picture things.

The smear from the other lump looked matte. The vet feels the other bump is an infundibular cyst because when probed it oozed liquid. I'm down with a cyst.

The skin tag is a skin tag. We didn't aspirate that one.

While we're still waiting for the lab results, I'm hopeful that one of them is indeed a lipoma and the other a cyst.

Both guys are at ideal body score condition 3/5.

That is what we strive for, even though I was under the impression that we kept JD below that because of his hips. Hubby, on the other hand, was worried that JD is too skinny.

Either way, JD is doing quite well, though he did respond to palpation over TCVM pressure points for hip pain. We are considering adding some turmeric to his supplements.

His muscles are good, except some slight muscle wasting over his glutes, from the way he compensates for the hips. We discussed exercises for him to strenghten them up some.

Other than that, everything is looking good, blood, urine and fecal testing pending.

From The End Of A Lead Line To Casa Jasmine: Meet Cookie, Our New Adoptee
And So It Begins Again(?) Our First Health-Related Heart Attack With Cookie 
I Didn't Know I Could Fly: Why Cookie Wears A Harness Instead Of A Collar
C.E.T. Oral Hygiene Chews For Dogs CAN Be A Choking Hazzard 
Our First Health-Related Heart Attack With Cookie: The Knee Or The Foot? 
Creative Solutions And An Incidental Product Review
Too Young For Pot: Cookie's Snack With A Side Of Hydrogen Peroxide  
Taming Of The Wild Beast: Cookie's Transition To Civilization  
Staying On Top Of The Ears: Cookie Is Not Impressed  
Putting The Easy Back Into Walking
Cookie's Ears Are Still Not Happy 
The Threat Of The Bulge Is Always Lurking 
Today Is Cookie's Three-Months Adoptoversary  
Cookie Meets The Electric Horse Fence And Her First Chiropractic Adjustment  
Why Examine Your Dog's Vomit? 
Why Is That Leg Still Not Happy? Cookie's Leg Keeps Getting Sore 
Cookie Too Is Insured With Trupanion
Does Being Insured Mean Being Covered? Our First Claim With Trupanion
Is Cookie's Leg Finally Getting Better?
Is Cookie Going To Be Another Medical Challenge Or Are We Looking To Closely? 
The Project That Is Cookie: Pancreatitis Up Close And Personal  
Pancreatitis: Cookie’s Blood Work   
Another Belly Upset: Pancreatitis Again Or Not?  
Happy Birthday, Cookie 
Incontinence? Cookie's Mysterious Leaks 
Who's Training Whom? Stick And Treat 
Don't Just Stand There, Do Something? Cookie's Mysterious Bumps 
Cookie's Mysterious Bumps Update
One Vomit, No Vomit 
Happy One-Year Adoptoversary, Cookie!
Cookie's Leaks Are Back: Garden Variety Incontinence Or Not?
Cookie's Leaks Update 
Don't Panic, Don't Panic: Know What Your Job Is 
The Continuing Saga Of Cookie's Leeks: Trying Chiropractic Approach 
Cookie's Minor Eye Irritation
Regular Wellness Exam: Cookie's ALT Was Elevated 
Cookie's Plantar Paw Pad Injury 
How Far To Take It When The Dog Isn't Sick?
Cookie Has Tapeworm Infection 
Cookie's Elevated ALT: The Ultrasound and Cytology  
Cookie's ALT Update
The Importance of Observation: Cookie's Chiropractic Adjustment
Sometimes You Don't Even Know What You're Looking at: Cookie's Scary "We Have No Idea What that Was" 
Living with an Incontinent Dog 
Summer Dangers: Cookie Gets Stung by a Bald-faced Hornet 

Do you have a story to share?

Your story can help others, maybe even save a life!

What were the first signs you noticed? How did you dog get diagnosed? What treatment did/didn't work for you? What was your experience with your vet(s)? How did you cope with the challenges?

Email me, I'll be happy to hear from you!

Monday, October 5, 2015

Adoption Monday: Clarke, Hound & Pit Bull Terrier Mix, Armonk, NY

Clarke is one of the handsomest dogs ever and he has been in the shelter for a long time with zero interest for no good reason.

Clarke dog selective,but appropriate around all dogs ..He simply pays them no mind at all...he's smart and knows several commands, like sit and paw, and down...

Clarke would be a fairly low maintenance dog...he rarely barks, he has no food or toy aggression ... and he is easy to walk..He takes a few minutes to warm up to you, but once he does, he's happy to sit right by your side and snuggle.

Clarke is neutered and current on vaccinations.


Adopt-a-dog's mission is to save, socialize and secure loving homes for unwanted or abandoned dogs and cats. The dogs and cats at Adopt-a-dog receive the highest level of care as they await their forever home.

Adopt-a-dog is a recognized 501(c)(3) charitable organization whose mission has been to Save, Socialize and Secure Loving Homes for Unwanted or Abandoned Dogs and Cats. We have been serving the tri-state area and beyond for over three decades. Our shelter is open seven days a week. Our dedicated staff and volunteers strive to provide the best care possible while the animals are at our shelter awaiting safe and permanent homes.

Sunday, October 4, 2015

Dogs Are Always Testing the Waters

Dogs are always testing the waters, trying to find new ways of getting what they want. If we're not on our toes, they always manage to teach us some new tricks. It's quite endearing, really.

Begging at the table

Dogs will beg at the table as long as it works, at least sometimes. If it NEVER works, they will stop trying, even though every now and then they might test whether the rules still apply.

They will stop trying unless something changes.

If one thing changed, maybe other things changed too, right? Gotta try and find out!

Last week, hubby was down South doing some courses and staying with his brother who has two German Shepherd dogs. There are stringent rules about begging at the table at their house. No begging at the table, no giving any food to the dogs at the table ever.

The dogs know the rules and don't bother trying.

But something had changed.

There was a new person at the table. "Maybe this person doesn't know the rules and might give us something," figured the dogs. They'd be fools if they didn't try. So they kept trying for all they were worth.

Hubby's brother was starting to get upset, trying to discipline the dogs.
"Just let them be," hubby said, "they'll figure it out eventually."

To the dogs' disappointment, the new person at the table didn't have any manners and didn't share any of their food.

So eventually they stopped trying. Took a while because there was steak for dinner and that is certainly worth the extra effort.

Because at our house the dogs always get something off the plate at the end of the meal, hubby asked if he could share a bit of his meat with them when the dinner was over. He could, as long as it wasn't at the table. So they all went outside and the dogs each got a bit of steak with a side of hubby's fingers from all the excitement.

At home we don't have to go to such lengths; at the end of the meal we share some at the table. Our guys know they have to wait for us to be done first and then they get something. They know there is no point of trying to get anything earlier. So they wait patiently. The fact that what we share at the table isn't at all detrimental to their patience.

Can't blame a dog for trying.

There is no need to get bent out of shape when dogs are trying to test the rules, whether it is because enough time has passed or because some other change provided a good reason.

I think it's awesome that they do that.

All one needs to do is to make sure their attempts are not fruitful. That's all it takes. No discipline, no scolding is necessary. If their attempts don't bear fruit, they will go on thinking up a different plan.

Somebody is always training somebody. Might as well be you.

And remember, most of the time the proper response is no response at all.

That's really what it's all about. Not trying to control the actions by all means but controlling the outcome. If you want a particular behavior, you make sure it results in something the dog wants. If you don't want a particular behavior, you make sure it doesn't result it what the dog wants.

It's all about feedback.

With proper feedback, dogs figure things out quickly.

Related articles:
From The End Of A Lead Line To Casa Jasmine: Meet Cookie, Our New Adoptee
Creative Solutions And An Incidental Product Review
Taming Of The Wild Beast: Cookie's Transition To Civilization  
Staying On Top Of The Ears: Cookie Is Not Impressed  
Who's Training Whom? Stick And Treat 
Observation Skills Of Dogs  
If You Want Your Dog To Do Something, Teach It  
Tricks? It's Not Just About The Tricks 
What Constitutes The Perfect Dog?
Are Dog Training Classes Really For The Dogs?  
Look Where You Want To Go: Finding My Reactive Dog Training Zen Zone? 
Dog Training And Emotions 
Dog Training And Emotions: Postscript
Dogs Love Sentences In Question Form?
Not All Dog Trainers Were Created Equal Either 
A Thought On Separation Anxiety
Happy One-Year Adoptoversary, Cookie!
About Freedom, Trust And Responsibility: A "Pilot Study"
So, We Have A Bear 
About Happiness: What Makes Your Dog Happy? 
Our Example Of The Use Of "Look At That" (LAT) 
Why Do Dogs Dig?
Who Is In The Wrong?
Your Dog Wants To Follow You. You Just Gotta Be Going Some Place
We Still Have Two Dogs: A "Pilot Study" Part Two  
Early Winter Safety: Exploring New Territories
Cookie Is Okay. We ... Might Be, Eventually. (Don't Try This At Home)
One Thing I Love About Winter: I See What They "See" 
Give Your Dog What They Need, Get What You Want
Cookie, The First Of The Great Hunting Rottweilers  
Distance Is a Relative Concept  
Dog Communication: Be Good to Cookie or She'll Tell on You
The Benefit of the Doubt 
Putting The Guilty Dog Look To Rest?
The Stench of Fear: Is There Good and Bad Timing for Vet Visits? 
I am a Helicopter Dog Mom
Routines: Easy Come, Hard to Go
Mosquito Apocalypse 
Things Always Change: Cookie's Hunting Adventures 
The Advantage of Your Dog Not Barking All the Time: Cookie Saves Horses' Asses
"Look at That" (LAT) Game and Barking at Traffic  
The Role of Thresholds in Dog Training and Behavior
Dog Days of Summer: Keeping an Eye on Cookie 
Dog Days of Summer: Cookie Gets Her SprinklerThe Evolution of My View on What Is and Isn't Dirty
Not F***ing Cheerios, That's for Sure
Hi, My Name Is "No", What's Yours?
Dogs, Porcupines, Wasps and Learning
Mouse Hunting, Leash Pulling, Begging at the Table and Intermittent Reinforcement 
Self-Entertaining Dog? Dogs Need Interaction  

Saturday, October 3, 2015

Top Veterinary Articles of the Week: Puppy Proofing a House, Things Animals Eat, and more ...

How to puppy proof your house
Dr. Justine Lee/LinkedIn

There is nothing as adorable as a puppy. There is nothing as naturally curious as a puppy. But curiosity could kill a pup. A typical household can be full of dangers, starting from electrical cords and ending with human medications, cleaning products and toxic food stuffs.

It's important to take the time, put on a detective hat and sweep your house for hidden dangers. Keep your pup away from dangerous things or keep dangerous things away from your pup.

Animals Eat the Craziest Things!
Dr. Nancy Kay/Spot Speaks

Puppies are not the only offenders when it comes to eating things there were not meant to be eaten. Every year Veterinary Practice News (VPN) holds a contest where veterinarians send in the most eye-popping x-rays of what their patients have eaten. Some of those things really are crazy.

This years content winner was a Doberman Pinscher who ate 26 golf balls! But I've seen x-rays of dogs having eaten serrated knives and other really wild stuff.

This is what swollen 26 golf balls look like on x-ray. Image Veterinary Practice News

I'm so thankful that the worst thing any of our guys ever ate was an accidentally eaten sock, which came out on its own.

The simple rule of thumb is: if they can't get into it, they won't eat it.

Spondylosis Deformans vs Discospondylitis
Dr. Daniel Beatty/Dog Kinetics

These two diagnoses can be easily confused one for another but they are different. One is a painful condition which can cause neurological issues, while the other is painless and conventional veterinarians consider it incidental finding which doesn't require any treatment. Can you guess which one is which? Watch Dr. Beatty's video and find out.

Urinary Bladder Cancer in Dogs
Dr. Christopher G. Byers/CriticalCareDVM

Urinary bladder cancer is relatively uncommon but can have significant impact on quality of life.

The definitive cause  is typically not known, and is generally considered to arise from a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental factors. Scottish Terriers, Shetland Sheepdogs, Beagles, West Highland White Terriers and Wire Hair Fox Terriers are particularly predisposed breeds.

Exposure to pesticides and insecticides were documented to be strong environmental risk factors.

Symptoms resemble those of urinary tract infections (UTI). Frequent urination of small volume of urine, blood in urine, painful urination and straining to urinate ...

Thursday, October 1, 2015

The Pet PT Pit Stop: Blame it on the Weather, Really!

by Susan E. Davis, PT “pull in for a helpful refuel!”  

It’s all about guiding and empowering you to help your dog avoid injury, provide practical solutions and achieve rapid restoration of health and function!   

“The dog ate my homework” may not work as a viable excuse with teachers, but “this weather is killing me” definitely resounds with physical therapists!

Yes, weather affects arthritis and other inflammatory conditions in human beings as well as animals!

I’m not a meteorologist, but having spent summers on a farm as a kid, I understand a bit about ‘dew points’ (temperature at which the sir cools for saturation to occur), and humidity (the amount of water in the air compared to how much it can hold). As a sailor, I am always aware of wind direction and current speed. But the most significant weather factor by far for a physical therapist treating patients having inflammatory conditions is the atmospheric pressure of surface air: barometric pressure.
Remember when your grandmother claimed she could predict when rain was coming? She was pretty wise, after all!

Folks and pets having inflammatory conditions affecting the joints and soft tissues can feel symptoms when the barometric pressure drops, before the actual precipitation occurs. 

When the barometer falls, water molecules in the air spread out and start to rise, escaping the earth’s surface.  Low pressure causes their expansion; they become heavier which eventually causes precipitation to fall. The time between this rise and fall is precisely when patients feel their symptoms increase due to tissue swelling and tell you “wet weather is ahead”.  Of course, your dog can’t tell you this verbally, so you must be on the lookout for subtle signs of pain or discomfort and take proactive steps to help when the barometer starts to fall!

In contrast, when the barometric pressure is high on fair weather days, molecules in the air compress and actually (unperceptively) push against our bodies, providing a natural, external support for swollen joints and tissues. We know from studies on bone loss with osteoporosis, that external stimulation via gravity, weight bearing and resistance training helps bone growth.  Pressure is good for bones and joints.

What’s a dawg mamma or daddy to do when their pets are hurting due to changes in the weather? 

Here are my top 10 tips:

Know which conditions in your dog are considered to be inflammatory and which are not. 
For example, those ending with ‘itis”, such as arthritis, spondylitis, are. Degenerative Myelopathy is not. Your veterinary professional can help you differentiate.

Watch the weather, stay alert to changes in barometric pressure. 
Know that within an hour or 2 of a large drop, pain symptoms will occur.

If you can start making preparations (per the following list) ahead of the rain or other precipitation, your dog will benefit greatly.

Not meaning total crate rest, but a reduction or modification in function. For your dog this may mean shorter, slower leash walks for a few days. For another, it may mean restricting their space to move about in the home, blocking stairways and reducing activity sufficient to cover the time of acute inflammation until the weather changes to dryer condition.

Ice or cold compresses.
When in doubt, use cold rather than heat, for inflamed joints.

Think about what feels good when a joint is swollen and painful:  usually some type of wrap or corset to provide compression and support. If your dog uses a brace or external support to provide relief, now is the time to put it on your pup.

Let gravity help to drain swelling and inflammation away from the farthest part of the dog’s limbs and toward the heart, to eliminate it naturally from the body. Use a pillow, rolled towel or folded blanket under the limb to for support while the dog rests.

If the dog is on their side, place support between their thighs.

Anti-inflammatory drugs prescribed by your vet such as Rimadyl, Carprofen, Deramaxx, Adequan injections and others should be continued during these weather changes.

If the medications are on an ‘as needed’ basis, start them at the first sign of barometric pressure drop, before your dog starts to show outward symptoms.

Joint protectants like Dasuquin, Cosequin and others should be continued daily and considered as maintenance supplements, regardless of the weather!

Physical Therapy.
Modalities which help to reduce inflammation include: Cold Laser, Targeted Pulsed Electromagnetic Field therapy, pulsed Ultrasound, and effleurage Massage.

Simple Exercises.
Exercises can be done during this time to help decrease pain, such as Range of Motion for the affected joints and active open chain movements (using a toy or other prompt to encourage the dog to lift a limb, turn their head, etc.)

Avoid resistance and weight bearing, functional exercises.


Susan E. Davis (Sue) is a licensed Physical Therapist with over 30 years of practice in the human field, who transitioned into the animal world after taking courses at the UT Canine Rehabilitation program.  She is located in Red Bank, New Jersey.

She has been providing PT services to dogs and other animals through her entity Joycare Onsite, LLC in pet’s homes and in vet clinics since 2008.

She also provides pro bono services at the Monmouth County SPCA in Eatontown, NJ.  Sue is the proud “dog mommy” to Penelope, a miniature Dachshund with “attitude”.  For more information see her website , or follow on Twitter @animalPTsue.

Sue is also the author of a fantastic book on physical therapy, Physical Therapy And Rehabilitation For Animals: A Guide For The Consumer.  

Physical therapy can do so many great things for your dog. Understanding all the possibilities physical therapy can offer will change your dog's life. This book definitely belongs on the shelf of every dog lover.

Articles by Susan E. Davis:
Functional Strengthening Exercises: the What, Why and How
One Thing Leads To Another: Why The Second ACL Often Goes Too
Compensation: An Attempt To Restore Harmony
Paring Down to the Canine Core
Canine Massage: Every Dog ‘Kneads’ It”
Photon Power: Can Laser Therapy Help Your Dog?  
Physical Therapy in the Veterinary World  
Reiki: Is it real? 
Dog Lessons: Cooper  
The Essentials Of Canine Injury Prevention: 7 Tips For Keeping Your Dog Safer 
It's Not Just Walking, It's Therapy! 
Treatment And Prevention Of Canine Intervertebral Disc Disease (Part I)
Treatment And Prevention Of Canine Intervertebral Disc Disease (Part II Physical Therapy)
Range Of Motion: It’s A Matter Of Degree…
The Weight Of Water And How It Helps Dogs 
By Land or By Sea? A Comparison of Canine Treadmills 
Unraveling The Mystery Of Fascia And Myofascial Trigger Points (Part I)
Unraveling The Mystery Of Fascia And Myofascial Trigger Points (Part II) 
Scar Tissue: Is it Too Much of a Good Thing? 
Physical Therapy Tip Of The Month: Ramps! 
Physical Therapy Tip Of The Month: Indoor Duo Dog Exercises!
Physical Therapy Tip Of The Month: Best Practices After Your Dog’s Surgery 
Physical Therapy Tip Of The Month: Ideas to Chew on - Can Physical Therapy Help with my Dog’s Digestive Problems?
Wrap It Up: Using Soft Supports For Your Dog
When Do I Use Heat versus Cold? : A Tale (or Tail) Of Two Temps! (Part I) 
When Do I Use Heat versus Cold? : A Tale (or Tail) Of Two Temps! (Part II) 
Physical Therapy Tip Of The Month: Safe Summer Boating Tips for your Dog 
Physical Therapy Tip Of The Month: Hip Dysplasia - What’s a Dawg Mama to Do?
PT Pit Stop: Wheeled Carts Keep Them Doggies Rollin' (Part I)
PT Pit Stop: Wheeled Carts Keep Them Doggies Rollin' (Part II)
Staying in the Loop with Targeted Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy
Addressing Frailty Syndrome in Geriatric Dogs 
The Pet PT Pit Stop: "Where's The Evidence?"
Physical Therapy is Great, Except When It Isn’t 
Top Dogs and their Toplines at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show (Part I)
Top Dogs and their Toplines at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show (Part II) 
What's in a Dog's Gait? 
A Practical Method to manage your Dog’s Care Plan 
Wound Care 101 (Part I The Basics) 
Wound Care 101 (Part II Wound Management)
Prevention and Management of Hip Dysplasia in Puppies: Attention all Breeders!
Support and Braces
Vaccinosis - A Vexing Conundrum 
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