Lyme disease is caused by a class of bacteria known as spirochetes (Borrelia burgdorferi). This class includes nasties causing Lyme disease and Leptospirosis.
Lyme disease is very tricky to diagnose. Traditional test for Lyme disease involves checking for the presence of antibodies.
However, the presence of antibodies does not necessarily mean an active infection. Many exposed dogs will develop antibodies but will not actually get sick.
It is also hard to distinguish between antibodies to similar organisms, such as Leptospira, or other species.
The challenges with diagnosis Lyme disease in dogs are many.
A new test is now available through the Cornell University School of Veterinary Medicine.
Multiplex Lyme Disease test provides advanced information beyond any of the current Lyme testing methods. It can distinguish between an active infection and mere presence of antibodies in a healthy dog or a dog that had been vaccinated against Lyme disease.
It can distinguish between early and late chronic stages of the infection. It can detect whether antibodies are present due to vaccination or infection.
It seems that the Multiplex Lyme Disease test is the most accurate test available at the present time.
Original article: New Test for Lyme Disease May be More Accurate
Further reading: New Lyme Test for Dogs
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