Did your dog suffer an ACL injury? If you are anything like I was, you are searching high and low for a non-surgical solution.
Your options will depend on the severity of the injury. There is a chance that partial tears can respond to a non-surgical treatment. Once the ligament is fully torn, I believe that surgery is the only effective solution.
At the time of diagnosis, we were dealing with a partial tear in Jasmine's left knee, and a small partial tear (or stretched ligament) in her right knee.
Our motivation had nothing to do with the cost, althought the ACL surgeries are quite expensive. We just wanted our Jasmine to get well as fast as possible, with as little trauma as possible.
We found the popular TPLO and TTA surgeries very invasive and the recovery time very long. Particularly since the prognosis was that she'd have to have surgery for both knees.
We were desperately searching for another solution.
There indeed are some non-surgical options to ACL injuries. But while I don't want to shatter your hopes, I believe that the odds of successfully getting your dog's knee healed and working well without any surgery at all are rather slim.
Restricted exercise and spontaneous healing
Yes, I also read that a knee with a partial tear can heal in some dogs on its own, just with restricted exercise.
The evidence is suggesting that Jasmine already did have her knee ligaments injured in the past. But it went undiagnosed. After a long time of controlled exercise the lameness had resolved. We have been through that twice, once for each knee. Both times it took about 5 months for the lameness to resolve. That is not really any less than the post-op recovery.
She was still quite young and had the best chance of healing. However, last year her ligaments failed once more, one after another, which suggests that the healing was not adequate.
This time, armed with a firm diagnosis, we were still hoping that we might find a solution that didn't require an invasive surgery.
First thing we considered were braces. The idea was for the knees to heal while Jasmine still could enjoy her life a much as possible. But the odds were that she would have to wear them every time she would go on a longer walk or was being more active, even after the healing period was over. We felt that she was too young for that.
There are many types of knee braces available now. I don't believe it is a solution for a young active dog. But it will provide great help to an older dog, and might provide assistance if opting for prolotherapy or stem cell regenerative therapy treatments.
First promising option we learned about was prolotherapy. Prolotherapy is a possibility to consider when dealing with a partial tear, particularly if your dog is older or could not undergo anesthesia.
Stem cell regenerative therapy
Stem cell regenerative therapy is a relatively new treatment. It is successfully used to treat arthritis and other degenerative conditions, and orthopedic injuries in dogs with very exciting results. This one however does require a minor surgery to harvest the stem cells and anesthesia for both the harvesting and the injection of the stem cells.
Can stem cell regenerative therapy or prolotherapy heal ruptured ACL?
When dealing with an ACL injury, there are many variables that will determine whether the prolotheapy or stem cell treatment will be successful for your dog. It will treat the resulting arthritis. But whether or not it will actually help the knee stability depends on number of factors, most of which are hard to determine.
I believe that under some circumstances the knee can be healed using non-surgical methods, but it is a gamble whether or not it will work in your particular situation.
For best possible results it is a good idea to combine these methods with some type of stabilization (such as a knee brace) of the leg and physical therapy.
We did decide to pursue the stem cell regenerative therapy for Jasmine. But the day before her consultation her left ACL gave out completely and that ruled out non-surgical approach. We however still did combine the surgery with the stem cell injections into both knees, to assist the post-operative recovery and hoping to save the right knee. It looked very hopeful. But three months later her right ACL also failed.
To operate or not to operate?
I am a big proponent of non-invasive solutions. But after all our own research and experiences, I say operate. If you have a young dog, surgical repair is the most reliable means of dealing with an ACL injury. You don't want it to come back and haunt you. It will give your dog the best chance for a full active life.
If you have an older, less active dog, then considering non-surgical approach makes sense.
Talk to me about ACL injuries
Stem Cells for Dogs
ACL Injuries in Dogs and Stem Cell Regenerative Therapy
Prolotherapy: Forerunner to Stem Cell Regenerative Treatment?